By Mary Clare Jalonick
The Associated Press
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The food industry and farm groups are pushing Congress to pass legislation that would require the Food and Drug Administration to create guidelines for the new labels, which food manufacturers could use.
A federal standard for voluntary labels would get food manufacturers off the hook if any states pass laws requiring mandatory labeling.
Recent ballot initiatives in California and Washington state failed, but several state legislatures are considering labeling requirements.
In Washington state, Senate Bill 5073, requiring disclosure of genetically modified foods for sale, was reintroduced in January. It originally was introduced in 2013.
House Bill 2143, which would require labeling only for genetically engineered salmon, went before the House Committee on Agriculture & Natural Resources on Jan. 17.
Opponents of engineered ingredients are aggressively pushing for new laws in several states.
Scott Faber of the Environmental Working Group, a Washington advocacy group that supports labeling, said he expects about 30 state legislatures to consider the issue this year.
Maine and Connecticut have already enacted labeling laws for engineered foods, but they won’t go into effect until other states in the region follow suit.
And Oregon may be the next state to consider a ballot measure on the issue.
There’s very little science that says genetically engineered foods are unsafe.
But opponents say there’s too much unknown about the seeds that are altered in labs to have certain traits and that consumers have a right to know if they are eating them.
The seeds are engineered for a variety of reasons, many of them to resist herbicides or insects.
Pamela Bailey, president and CEO of the Grocery Manufacturers Association, the food industry’s main trade group, said the decision on labels should rest with the Food and Drug Administration, which is set up to assess the safety of foods.
“It does not serve national food-safety policy to leave these issues to political campaigns,” she said.
The grocery manufacturers announced a partnership with 28 farm and food industry groups Thursday to push for the legislation.
The groups include the National Corn Growers Association, the National Restaurant Association and the National Beverage Association, all industries that have seen pushback from consumers over modified ingredients.
The groups say mandatory labels would cause confusion, misleading consumers into thinking that the ingredients are unsafe.
The labels could also be inconsistent from state to state, the groups said.
The industries are lobbying members of Congress to introduce and pass a bill that would require the FDA to do a safety review of new genetically engineered ingredients before they are sold in food.
So far, the FDA has not found safety issues with modified ingredients.
The companies are facing pressure from retailers as the conversation about modified ingredients has grown louder.
Whole Foods announced last year that it plans to label GMO products in all its U.S. and Canadian stores within five years.
And some companies have decided to just remove the ingredients altogether, so no labels will be necessary.
General Mills recently announced it would no longer use GMOs in its original Cheerios recipe.
It is unclear whether there is support for voluntary labels in Congress.
In May, the Senate overwhelmingly rejected an amendment by Sen. Bernie Sanders, I-Vt., that would have allowed states to require labeling of genetically modified foods.
Senators from farm states that use a lot of genetically modified crops strongly opposed the amendment, saying the issue should be left up to the federal government and that labels could raise costs for consumers.
The final farm bill, which Congress passed and sent to President Barack Obama this week, does not weigh in on genetically modified ingredients.